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To see a world in a grain of sand

and a heaven in a wild flower,

Hold infinity in the palm of your hand

and eternity in an hour.

                        

William Blake


 
Important Sanctuaries and National Parks

Due to it's climatic  and terrain variance Uttaranchal is blessed with an extremely wide variety of flora and fauna and with about 7500 species of plants, it is one of the richest region of bio diversity in the world.  Based on climate and terrain it can be divided into two zones starting with subtropical zone that includes the forests of the foot hills up to 4000 Ft. Sal, Seesam, Neem, Mango, Dhak, Amaltas, Khair Poplar and Bamboo are commonly found in this region. Above this sub-tropical zone is the temperate zone extending up to the tree line. Pine, Deodar, Oak,  Horse Chestnut, Rhododendrons and Silver Oak dominates this zone besides variety of fruits bearing trees like Peaches, Plums, Apples, Pears, Apricots etc. Above 7000 Ft  Spruce, Fir, Cypress, Birch (Bhojparta) and Blue Pine and lot of herbs and Serbs of medicinal importance are found. These hills are also home to various species of wild animals such as Deer, Chital, Elephants, Boar, Bear, Foxes, Tiger, Langur and Monkeys  etc. At higher altitudes Goral, Ibex, Bharal, Snow Leopard and Musk Deer are also found. Uttaranchal is also a bird watcher's paradise with over 230 species of Babblers, Thrushes, Tits, Magpies, Bulbuls, Flycatchers, Warblers, Finches, Shrikes, Woodpeckers, Orioles, Owls, Pheasants, Pigeons and rear Himalayan Golden Eagles and Monal etc.  To protect the environment, the government has  adopted certain Areas and developed wild life sanctuaries and National Parks. Hunting is strictly prohibited in these parks. 


Name Height (Mt) Base Point Attraction
Askot Wild Life Sanctuary

1650

Pithragarh Snow Leopard, Black Bear, Musk Deer, Snow Cock, Tahr Monal , Pheasant and Chakor. 
Binsar  Wild Life Sanctuary

1680

Almora Established in 1998. Panoramic view of Peaks and a paradise for bird watchers housing about 150 species of birds. 
Corbett National Park

400

Ramnagar     Elephants, Tigers, Cheetal, Shambar, Deer, Boar and over 580 varieties of birds, reptiles and fishes.
Govind Wild Life Sanctuary  1300-6300   Uttarkashi  Famous for its proximity with Har Ke Doon, Wild flowers and Black Bear, Tahr, Leopard, Deer, Monal  & Chakor etc.

 

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Valley of Flowers National Park 3600 Joshimath Declared a World Heritage site is the smallest National Park of India (about 6 Km in length and 2 Km wide)

Nanda Devi National Park and Wild Life sanctuary

Declared World Heritage

Site in 1988

 

 

2400 & above

Joshimath (66Km) Lata-15 Km (Motor) Trek - 53 Km

 

 

Spread in area of 640 Sq. Kms full of beautiful meadows, waterfalls  and surrounded by almost 70 snow clad peaks. It is like a cup of ice-cream flavored with variety of  Fauna and  Flora.

Rajaji National Park

300-1350

Chilla 8 Km from Haridwar

 

Established in 1966 in an area  of 820 sq. Km full of wild animals like Elephants, Tiger, Panther, Bear, Cheetal, Python, Lizard etc.