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Nainital-The District of Lakes

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Nainital district is surrounded by Udhamsingh Nagar in the south, Pauri Garhwal in the west, Almora in the north and Champawat in the east and includes plain areas of Pantnagar, Kaladhungi and Haldwani. Rest of the area contains beautiful hills and crystal clear lakes and pleasant climate that is why termed as 'Westmorland of India' by the British. Kathgodam (35 KM) is last railway station and Vayudoot services are available from Pantnagar (70 KM). Haldwani, Kathodam, Bhowali, Ramarh, Bhimtal are major towns of Nainital Districts. It is also called the district of lakes as several lakes are situated in the district.
NAINITAL TOWN
 


Nanital has been described as 'Tri-Rishi-Sarovar' in 'Manas Khand' of Shkanda Purana' where three sages namely Atri, Pulastya and Pulaha meditated. As there was no water they dig a hole and filled it with mansaovar water. Legend is that  Lord Shiva while carrying the dead body of Sati (after she scarified herself in the fire of Yagna of her father) her Eyes (Naina) fell here and thus named Nanital after Goddess Naini and Tal (Lake). At the place where her eyes fell is located the temple of 'Naina Devi' and considered one of the 'Shakti Peeth'. The town is situated on both sides of lake  called  Talli  (lower)  Tal  and   Malli (upper)   Tal   and  is    headquarters   of Kumaon  Division.

   Attracted by is surroundings, Mr Barren owner of  Rosa  Distillery of Rampur  bought land  from  one  Nar Singh, the priest of Naina Devi temple in 1841. It became  the summer  headquarters  of   British UP & Awadh province in 1860.  The  palatial  Governor House was built in 1900 which was designed by Mr F W Stephens who also designed the famous Victoria Terminus and Churchgate railway stations in Mumbai. Now it is the seat of Uttaranchal High Court. In 1880 torrential rains led to massive land slide in which 150 people lost their lives and several buildings were burried under it.

   In  1922,  the town was  electrified.  Nainital is also   known   for   its   oldest public schools dating back to 1855 of Finlander Smith,    Oak    Openings,   Saint   Merry,   Saint Joseph  and  Sherwood fame. In 1955, Observatory was shifted to Nainital  from Varanasi. It  is  also  called Mini England.  Kumaon University is also located here.

HEIGHT 1940 Mts.
KATHGODAM 35 Km.
PANT NAGAR 70 Km.
DELHI 322  Km.
LUCKNOW 400 Km.
ALMORA 60 Km.
RANIKHET 60 Km.
Latitude 29 24' N
Longitude 79 28' E
Pin Code 263001
S T D Code 05942

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SURROUNDING HILLS

AYARPATA

TIFFIN TOP
HANI BANI
NAINA PEAK
LARIYA KANTA
LAND'S END

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